Thursday, September 08, 2011

Looking for work? Try Canada


As the U.S. economy collapses, more and more Americans seek jobs north of the border

Looking for work? Try Canada
Salon
This article originally appeared on GlobalPost.
 
TORONTO, Canada -- Usually, you hear stories of people fleeing to America, not the other way around.
Global Post But the jittery state of the U.S. economy is driving an increasing number of its citizens to seek better prospects north of the border.
Americans are the latest economic refugees, and they're heading to Canada.
As he prepares to campaign for re-election, U.S. President Barack Obama is expected to make a speech Thursday night that calls for immediate stimulus spending to create jobs and improve infrastructure.
But those reforms will be difficult to make. Republicans, who control the House of Representatives, have resisted any efforts to boost the economy through additional spending.
As life in the U.S. worsens, prospects in Canada seem all the brighter.
Canadian officials say the number of Americans applying for temporary work visas doubled between 2008 and 2010.
Immigration lawyers in Toronto and the border city of Windsor, right across from job-starved Detroit, say they're seeing a dramatic growth in clients seeking to come to Canada to work, or even as permanent residents.
So, is this a reversal of fortunes on an historic scale? Has Canada become "el Norte"?
Well, not quite. The number of U.S. citizens working in Canada is, at least by global migration standards, relatively small with some 30,000 at the beginning of last year.
Still, Americans make up the second-largest group of temporary workers in Canada, behind only Filipinos, most of whom work as nannies.
Canada was one of the few to escape the 2008 financial meltdown relatively unscathed, a turn of events largely attributed to Ottawa's long-standing refusal to deregulate the banking sector.
"I'm looking for a quiet, calm, sane, civilized society to start the next phase of my life," said Michael, an out-of-work, white-collar professional from Michigan who is seeking a temporary visa to come to Canada.
Like several others interviewed for this article, he did not want his full name used for fear of drawing unwanted scrutiny to his application.
Though he describes himself as both patriotic and a conservative, Michael says he's lost faith in U.S. leadership -- "on both sides of the aisle" -- for failing to stem the excesses that led to the collapse of Wall Street, and for the current political brinkmanship over the debt ceiling.
"I'm looking for a country where the first role of the government is to protect its citizens," he said. "It looks to me like all [of Canada's] three major political parties seem to have proven that they are much more responsible than our leadership."
Workers like Michael are drawn to Canada's lower unemployment rate -- 7 percent in July compared to 9.1 in the U.S. -- and sustained economic strength in major centers such as Toronto, which alone attracts an estimated 100,000 new arrivals a year.
These include not only people with temporary work visas, or those seeking permanent residency, but also increasing numbers of university students, drawn by highly-ranked Canadian schools where tuition, even at 3 or 4 times the rates for Canadians, is still a fraction of what it costs to attend many colleges in the U.S.
John Cameron's mother lost her senior position at a bank branch in Maine in 2009 at the same time he was trying to finalize his choices for his freshman year in college.
He had his eye on American universities such as Loyola, University of Maryland, Columbia and Fordham.
His father, thinking about the finances, suggested the University of Toronto. Cameron was reluctant, but now he's a Canadian convert.
"I really love it," he said. "[It's] hands-down one of the best schools in North America."
Toronto has also become home to a couple in their mid-30s from New York City who both lost their full-time jobs in Manhattan in the wake of the 2008 crash. They now live in Canada on temporary visas.
"It's important for us to live in a place with a lot of diversity and a good cultural sector," said the woman, who asked that their names be withheld to avoid compromising their residency status in Canada. She says she was surprised at how quickly and efficiently they were able to qualify for Ontario health care.
Some Canadians who had considered America their adopted home are going back.
Al Brickman recently gave up on the United States after 30 years of running a Canadian-owned construction-supply business in Atlanta, Ga.
"I really did hold out for about two years," he said, but business had bottomed-out in the economy. Brickman said that his billings, once around $100,000, had dropped on some months by as much as 95 percent.
Brickman moved home to Toronto to work at his company there, where he has a steady job as a general manager. His American wife and their 11-week-old baby, are now trying to emigrate to join him.
Since he got back, Brickman said he's been fielding calls from American friends hoping he can get them a job up north, too.
Shawn Shepard, a legal software supervisor who was among hundreds laid off by his Manhattan law firm in 2008, is hoping a Canadian employer will sponsor him.
Shepard, who lives in Jersey City, N.J., is a regular visitor to Canada, with friends in Montreal and Toronto. With 20 years of experience, and, he admitted, "the arrogance of being a U.S. citizen," he figured it would be a snap.
But now, he's found himself in the classic migrant dilemma: "In order to get a work visa, you need a job offer. In order to get a job offer, you need a work visa." And even if he were to interest a prospective employer, a visa would only be issued if the employer can show that no Canadian was qualified for the job.
"The economy up there is doing very well, despite the global slump," Shepard wistfully told this reporter, a gainfully employed Canadian. "Your politicians didn't put you in the same mess that ours did."

9/11: Top 10 conspiracy theories

 The events of September 11 2001 provide fertile fodder for conspiracy theorists who refuse to accept the official version of events. Instead, their wild and whacky theories thrive on the internet, kept alive by bloggers who have written their own version of events. In a 2008 poll across 17 countries, 15 per cent of respondents believed the United States itself was behind the deadly terrorist attacks. Seven per cent of respondents blamed Israel, while a similar figure also believed that another perpetrator other than Osama Bin Laden and Al Qaida were behind the attacks. A list of the top 10 conspiracy theories floating out there...

1 ‘THEY KNEW IN ADVANCE': Immediately after the attacks, President George W. Bush said that nobody in the US government "and I don't think the prior government, could envisage flying air planes into buildings." Just weeks before, however, when Bush and other world leaders met for the annual G8 summit in Genoa, Italy, security planners had prepared for that exact scenario. Anti-aircraft missiles were deployed near the Genoa site because the Italians had a threat that a plane would be used as a missile to kill the G8 leaders. And Norad planners had prepared for such a scenario themselves in training exercises.

2 THE CONTROLLED EXPLOSION: Conspiracy theorists including physicists and software engineers believe the twin towers of the World Trade Centre were brought down in controlled explosions, not as a result of being struck by separate planes. The thinking comes from the fact that the two towers imploded neatly to the ground, rather than toppling over as expected. The theorists believe that large amounts of explosive were hidden in the towers, and strategic supporting beams of the building were pre-cut, allowing the towers to fall on their foundations. And because of security at the site after the collapse, the requisite evidence was removed and sent for recycling.

3 INSIDER TRADERS PLANNED IT: Before 9/11, there was a series of unusual stock trades on companies which would feel the negative and positive effects of the attacks. United Airlines and American Airlines, both of whom lost planes in the attacks, were sold heavily prior to 9/11. None of the other US carriers saw such activity on their stocks. And defence corporations, who would benefit from an aggressive military backlash, were also strong buys in the week before the attack. Morgan Stanley, based at the World Trade Centre, was a strong sell. Insurers were also heavy sells. The US Security and Exchange Commission even launched an investigation into Wall Street's activity around the attack.

4 STAND THE PLANES DOWN: Norad, the North American Defence Command, had advance knowledge of the hijacked planes and ordered their fighters to "stand down" or deliberately scramble them late so as they could not prevent the planes from reaching their intended targets. Surely Norad, responsible for air defences, has the capability to locate big, lumbering passenger planes. Haven't they got the latest radar? So why weren't they scrambled in time to prevent the tragedy? And why were two scrambled jets ordered out into military airspace over Long Island when New York City was under attack?

5 THE PENTAGON ‘PLANE': Conspiracy theorists argue that the Pentagon was not hit by American Airlines Flight 77. The most secure defence building in the world has banks of surveillance cameras scanning its perimeter. But none of the cameras picked up a clear image of the plane. Instead, it must have been a missile launched by rogue elements with the US government itself. And the hole made by the plane was barely 20 metres across — but the wingspan of a Boeing 757 is 40 metres from tip to tip. The hole punched in the Pentagon is too neat to come from a speeding plane and the building itself sustained little comparative damage if it really was a plane. It had to be a missile.

6 THE BLACK BOXES: All of the airplanes used carried two black boxes each. The official report on 9/11 says that none of the four black boxes from the two planes that hit the twin towers was recovered from the debris. But two men who worked on the debris field say that they helped federal agents recover three of the four there. And the Pentagon black boxes were conveniently too damaged to recover information from. Only on United 93, where passengers and crew fought back, forcing the plane into a corn field in rural Pennsylvania, were the boxes recovered. Even then, it took seven months before the families could listen to tapes, and a full five- and- a-half years before they were produced at the trial of so-called 20th hijacker.

7 BLAME CIA AND MOSSAD: A former President of Italy gives conspiracy theories fuel when he assets that all of the Italian centre-left knows that the Central Intelligence and Mossad were behind the attacks, making Muslim terrorists as the fall guys. This allows the US to throw its full weight behind Israel. In addition, a former head of Pakistan's Inter-Service Intelligence agency asserts that the ISI had prior knowledge of the attacks, knowing that the CIA was acting with Israeli operatives to plan and mount the attacks. And the attacks were a perfect opportunity for the forces of Zionism to take control of world affairs in retribution.

8 THE ‘NO-PLANERS': Given that the Boeing planes supposedly used in the attacks are made largely of aluminium, it is physically impossible for the planes to cause as much damage as they did to the World Trade Centre and the Pentagon. They were actually missiles with hologram effects, according to conspiracy theorist videos circulating on the internet. The theories are supported by their frame-by-frame analysis of the strikes at the twin towers. Fractional advancing of the tapes clearly show a cigar-shaped object, not a plane. Besides, the heat cause by airplane fuel could not possibly get hot enough to melt the steel beams supporting the towers.

9 OIL'S WELL THAT ENDS WELL: The price of oil prior to 9/11 had been steadily declining due to increased production capacity and new finds. But having a dramatic attack on the US blamed on Muslim terrorists would have an immediate and long-term effect on oil prices. With the Middle East thrown into turmoil, military action would be justified to protect strategic oil interests, conspiracy theorists argue. Besides, who other than ‘Big Oil' could afford to plan and mount such an operation.

10 RIDING THE WRECKAGE: Conspiracy theorists add credence to an urban legend that a firefighter survived the collapse of the North Tower by riding on a piece of debris as it fell along a steel beam, surviving the fall from the 82nd floor. Another version is that an employee at a financial company — an avid surfer — rode the waves of dust and debris down safely as the building collapsed. Sadly, these two stories are not true. But the rest ...?